Under The Hood

Under The Hood

How the Internet Works - A Very Very Brief Overview

If you don't really care how the Internet works, click on through...


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HTML

Web pages, the building blocks of websites, are documents, composed in plain text interspersed with formatting instructions. The language the page is built with is Hypertext Markup Language (html). These documents are stored, and read in a file on your computer by your website "browser" like Google Chrome, MicroSoft Explorer, FireFox or Safari. These documents have the extension "some-page.html" and the "home page" is usually named "index.html". HTML is the standard markup language for Web pages and HTML5 is it's latest version.

It is simple to learn the basics of HTML, but it can get quite complex as functionality is added.

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is the language used for describing the presentation of an HTML page. CSS3 is the latest version and it is a cornerstone technology of the World Wide Web, as well as HTML5 and JavaScript.

JavaScript is the most popular and widely used "client-side" scripting language. Client-side scripting refers to scripts that run on your web browser. You are the "client". JavaScript is designed to add interactivity and dynamic effects to the web pages by manipulating the content returned from a web server. JavaScript was originally developed as LiveScript by Netscape in the mid 1990s. It was later renamed to JavaScript in 1995. You might think that JavaScript came from JAVA, a programming language that has been around since way before the internet. But it has nothing to do with JAVA. It became an ECMA standard in 1997. Now JavaScript is the standard client-side scripting language for web-based applications, and it is supported by virtually all web browsers available today, such as Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Apple Safari, etc. JavaScript has many versons and addon tools including jQuery, React, Angular, JSON, AJAX, and W3.JS

PHP is a web site server scripting language (it runs remotely on the web site server), and is a powerful tool for making dynamic and interactive Web pages. PHP may be paired with the MySQL database system. PHP and MySQL are very widely-used on small and medium sized websites (even some large ones) and especially on industry standard Content Management systems such as WordPress and Joomla!. PHP7 is the latest stable release.

A “responsive website” is a normal website, but one that was built to display the site content so that it looks good on any device and any size screen.